Besford Court

Besford Court was the last great, gothic English country house, which was never occupied.  It is a  grade II* listed building, located in the village of Besford.   The original timber-framed Besford Court was built around 1500.  For many years it was a Catholic school for special needs pupils and was  known as Besford Court Hospital.  Following the closure of the school, Besford Court has been converted into luxury apartments.


A large stone-built extension was constructed in 1912.
The architect of Besford Court, Albert Randall Wells (1877–1942), was an English Arts and Crafts architect, craftsman and inventor.  Lord Beauchamp had commissioned designs from Wells in the past, and in 1910, when he sold the Besford Court estate in Worcestershire to Major George Noble (later 2nd baronet), Wells was engaged as the architect for its major re-construction by the new owner.  This involved the demolition of a Georgian wing, the retention of the original Elizabethan core, and the addition of a large courtyard range in a Tudor gothic vein.  Building work at Besford was halted in 1912 when the Nobles separated.  They were divorced in 1916, and Wells and (by then) Lady Noble married in 1917.  Besford Court, the last great, gothic English country house, was never occupied. It was sold, incomplete, to a school, in 1917 and in 2001 was converted into eight houses as part of a larger housing development.

Besford Court Hospital

"Welfare home for mentally-defective Catholic children, restricted to feeble-minded boys from the ages of about seven to twenty-one. It consists of a junior department, conducted by nuns, in which the Montessori system of instruction is followed, and a senior department where the following vocations are taught: skilled carpentry, bricklaying, plumbing, gardening, rural handicrafts, and painting. To provide an intermediate stage between institutional life and life in the community, hostels have been constructed on the estate where the youth lives the life of an ordinary workman two or three years a before dismissal." (New Catholic Dictionary)
In 2004, director Sheilagh Matheson directed a TV documentary about the Besford Boys for ITV Tyne Tees about the appalling treatment of boys with special educational needs during the 1940s and 1950s.   (More info at BFI.)

Ex-pupils and staff have also made a reunion video.

In Print

Domesday Reloaded (1986) describes Besford Court as "a special school run by the Roman Catholic Church for boys with a variety of learning problems," and has a photo of the original block of Besford Court showing both Tudor and later Edwardian features:

There is a 1927 book, The Story of Besford Court. With plates by Thomas Aldheln Newsome.

Conversion to Apartments

In 2001 The Daily Telegraph ran a story entitled The new country squires which featured Besford Court Estate.

Ghost of a Grey Lady

It has been reported by both present day residents and by pupils of the former school that a lady in grey haunts the rooms of the old building.  These reports also state that she is often accompanied by a subtle but distinctive flowery perfume.

A company called Haunted Island runs ghost tours to Besford Court.

Photo credits: Main image was taken from the Geograph project collection. See this photograph's page on the Geograph website for the photographer's contact details. The copyright on this image is owned by Philip Halling and is licensed for reuse under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 license.


  1. I came here because of the story of Peter Whitehead (David Roxan 1958), a resident of St Joseph's and Besford Court from 1937 to 1946 Transferred to Rampton security hospital from which he was released by the High Court in December 1956 as illegally detained. Peter has been a hero of mine since I first read David Roxan's book in 1963. It is moving to see the material on your website about Besford Court and the material that you link to. You have done this beautifully. Thank you. Andrew Roberts ("")

  2. been a pupil from 84 to 89 I am horrified what a mess it has become

    1. I was a pupil from 94 to 96 when it closed. I've been back once to see what it has become.. 😨

    2. Hallo I was pupil 82 to 85

    3. I went to Besford from 1982 to 1986.... can't wait to see it again.

  3. my father was a teacher here and then it was run correctly with no maltreatment to any one we lived there for some 20 years fron the early 50s

  4. I was a child there the way we were treated and the abuse sexual and physical I still have nightmares wake up sweating wot thay did to us thay should be in prison

  5. I was in st Joseph in 70s what a bad place or should I say the the nuns were bad never knew people could be so evil to kids still have nightmares like person above still don't sleep well at night

  6. can you tele me was the schools for boys I was at the schools long time ago ihave just ford it int frank Kenyon

  7. frank Kenyon I was at the schools long time ago now I was told shout down now I was at the schools in 60 was boys schools I have just seen the video of the schools I live in Rochdale now I would like come the school again in summer time next year my numer his 01706-341149 or the mobile his 07847714486 can in touch with me frank Kenyon I was the schools in 60s

  8. Good old school wish it stayed the same good times

  9. Besford Court was a well runschool when I a pupil there.Great teachers and a very good headmaster and I made some life long friends.

  10. Some teachers were good and others not so good.I guess it depends when you were there